TurboGrafx 16, fully titled as TurboGrafx-16 Entertainment SuperSystem and originally known in Japan as the PC Engine, is a video game console developed by Hudson Soft and NEC, released in Japan on October 30, 1987, and in North America on August 19, 1989. It was the first entry of the fourth generation of gaming, and primarily competed with the soon-to-be-released Sega Mega Drive, Super Nintendo Entertainment System, and the Neo Geo AES.
The TurboGrafx-16 has an 8-bit CPU and a dual 16-bit GPU; and is capable of displaying 482 colors simultaneously, out of 512. With dimensions of 14 cm × 14 cm × 3.8 cm (5.5in × 5.5in × 1.5in), the NEC PC Engine holds the record for the world’s smallest game console ever made.
In the United Kingdom, Telegames released a slightly altered version of the US model simply as the TurboGrafx around 1990 in extremely limited quantities. Although there was no full-scale PAL region release of the system, imported PC Engine consoles were largely available in France and Benelux through major retailers thanks to the unlicensed importer Sodipeng (Société de Distribution de la PC Engine, a subsidiary of Guillemot International).
Two major revisions, the SuperGrafx and the TurboDuo were released in 1989 and 1992, respectively. The TurboGrafx-16 was succeeded by the PC-FX in 1994, which was only released in Japan after the TurboGrafx-16 and its revised variants failed to gain enough market share in North America.
In 2009, the TurboGrafx-16 was ranked as the 13th greatest video game console of all time by IGN, despite citing a lack of third party support and the absence of a second controller port.
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